Target Coordinates Estimation by Passive Radar with a Single non-Cooperative Transmitter and a Single Receiver

Ali Kazem, Adnan Malki, Anas Mahmoud Almanofi


Passive radar is a bistatic radar that detects and tracks targets by processing reflections from non-cooperative transmitters. Due to the bistatic geometry for this radar, a target can be localized in Cartesian coordinates by using one of the following bistatic geometries: multiple non-cooperative transmitters and a single receiver, or a single non-cooperative transmitter and multiple receivers, whereas the diversity of receivers or non-cooperative transmitters leads to extra signal processing and a ghost target phenomenon. To mitigate these two disadvantages, we present a new method to estimate Cartesian coordinates of a target by a passive radar system with a single non-cooperative transmitter and a single receiver. This method depends on the ability of the radar receiver to analyze a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and estimate two arrival angles for the target’s echo signal. The proposed passive radar system is simulated with a Digital Video Broadcasting-Terrestrial (DVB-T) transmitter, and the simulation results show the efficiency of this system compared with results of other researches.


passive radar; target coordinates; single non-cooperative transmitter; single receiver; arrival angles; signal-to-noise ratio

Full Text:



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.